Eczema is a skin condition that causes the skin to become very dry, red and itchy. In extreme cases, it can lead to skin infections that must be treated with antibiotics. Eczema can be found all over the body but the common locations are on the legs, arms and behind the knees. It can affect anyone but over 20 percent of kids in the USA have some type of eczema. Currently, there is no cure for eczema. However, doctors are able to treat or prevent the symptoms based on the type of eczema their patient has.
One of most common types of eczema is atopic dermatitis. It affects a small amount of adults but affect most children by age 1. It is known to run in families with a past history of asthma and hay fever so it is hereditary. This type of eczema flares due to a food or environmental allergy, which can be caused by items such as eggs, grass and pollen. Your doctor may do an allergy test as part of the treatment in order to discover what trigger the reaction. Based on the findings of this test, you will be able to determine what your trigger for your eczema is so you can avoid it. A topical corticosteroid cream may be prescribed by your doctor to reduce the redness and itching.
Contact dermatitis is another one of the types of eczema. It is caused when the skin is exposed to an allergen or an irritant such as poison ivy or detergent. Once the cause of the contact dermatitis is removed from the skin, the rash will began to heal. But it can take up to several weeks for the skin to heal. During this time, you can use an over the counter corticosteroid cream or oral antihistamine such as Benadyal if you experience any itching.
Seborrheic dermatitis is another type of eczema, which is mostly found on the scalp and face. People with this type of eczema have oily and scaly patches of skin on the face and scalp. It is known as cradle cap for infants and dandruff for adults. Like atopic dermatitis, it is also hereditary and stress and oily skin conditions make cause a reaction. Normally, there is no itching with this type of eczema. To treat the scalp, doctors usually prescribed a shampoo that contains salicylic acid or sulfur. For other areas of the body, an ointment that contains vitamin B6 used to treat this condition.
By knowing more about the different types of eczema, you will be able find a better way to treat it. You don’t have to live with the constant itching and redness because with the right treatment, you can be eczema free.