Hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, is a common problem in the United States. While exercise and diet can go far in reducing blood pressure, many patients with hypertension end up on medication to keep their blood pressure under control. There are many different types of hypertension medication available, and it can be a matter of trial and error to find the one that works the best for each patient. This article will provide an overview of some of the most common types of hypertension medication used today.
Diuretics, also known as water pills, are often the first line of defense in a hypertension medication. These medications work by getting rid of excess salt and fluid in the body, thus reducing blood pressure. There are many hypertension medication side effects involved with diuretics and the drugs do not work with every patient. However, they can be an effective method of treating the disease for many patients.
This is another common type of hypertension medication that works by reducing the heart has to work by lowering the requirement of blood and oxygen. Beta blockers also help to control irregular heartbeats and are commonly used to treat a variety of heart arrhythmias. Beta blockers often work best when they are combined with another medication like a diuretic.
ACE stands for angiotensin converting enzyme. This hypertension medication works by dilating blood vessels to increase blood flow throughout the body. This allows blood to flow more freely so the heart doesn't have to work as hard to pump it. These drugs are also commonly prescribed with other medications for best results.
Calcium Channel Blockers
Calcium channel blockers also help blood to flow more freely by relaxing the muscles surrounding the blood vessels. This type of hypertension medication can also slow heart rate, and interacts with grapefruit juice. People taking these drugs should not drink grapefruit juice without talking to their doctors first.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
This hypertension medication blocks the action of a chemical in the body that narrows blood vessels. The result is the blood can flow through the body more freely so the heart doesn't have to work as hard. These medications are most frequently prescribed in patients who do not tolerate an ACE inhibitor well.
There are many different types of hypertension medication available, and different drugs will work more effectively with different patients. If you have hypertension, talk to your doctor about the best choice in a hypertension medication for you.
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