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Languages Spoken in Nepal

by Ram Gautam

posted in Travel and Leisure

Syndicate This Article
Language is necessary for communication. It makes the communication easier. It differs from place to place, region to region and country to country. It differs because of the difference in culture, the difference in the topographical situation, the difference in religion, etc.
Sanskrit is regarded as the world's oldest language. All the other languages are the derived form of Sanskrit. It means "Sanskrit" is the base for all the languages spoken in the world. Sanskrit is said to have been originated in the Indian subcontinent. Though Sanskrit has been the world's first language, it is very rarely spoken all over the world. It is spoken by most of the Nepali Brahamin priests during cultural rituals of Hindu. All Hindu cultural rituals are performed by following the religious books written in Sanskrit. Most of the Hindu religious books are either written in Sanskrit or in Hindi.
Diversity in languages and cultures has made Nepal one of the unique destination in the world. Within a very small territory of Nepal, 123 different languages are spoken. Nepali language is the mother tongue of more than 50% of the Nepalese population. The root of Nepali language is the Sanskrit Language. Nepali language was originated from the Sinja Valley in Jumla district. Sinja valley lies in the mid western region of Nepal. Nepali language was previously known as "Khas Bhasa". Khas Bhasa or Nepali language was made the official language of Nepal by Prithivi Narayan Shah, the first Shah King of Nepal. Previously Nepali language was spoken in the Khas region (western regions of Nepal). But, now it is widely spoken all over Nepal and is the official language of Nepal.
Nepal has extreme cultural diversity. Due to this cultural diversity the languages spoken in Nepal differ from one place to another and it also differs from culture to culture. It is the reason behind 123 different languages spoken in such a small territory of Nepal. This uniqueness can be the source of attracting the pool of tourists to Nepal.
Besides Nepali, the most spoken languages in Nepal are Hindi, Newari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tamang, Sherpa, Gurung, etc.
Kusunda, Sunuwar, Baram, Chintang, Puma, etc are some of the least spoken languages in Nepal. Dura language which was once spoken in the Gorkha district of Nepal has already been It is because of the sparse populations of this community people.
According to census report of Nepal 2011, almost 40 languages of Nepal are in the verge of extinction. So, Nepal can be the destination for the linguists, culture lovers, and all the researchers who want to learn about the endangered languages. They can learn about various languages of Nepal, their special characteristics, cause behind endangered situation, etc. Then, they also can suggest the ways to preserve those languages from being extinct. They can be part of the culture and lifestyle of Nepal.
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