Learning About The Influenza Virus Structure

It is important for anyone at risk of contracting the flu to know how the influenza virus structure comes into the body and multiplies in order to make you sick. This will also help you to understand how pandemic influenza is spread and can affect a whole lot of people in one country and even around the world.

How Influenza Virus Structure Attacks

When the influenza virus structure enters your body, it first attaches to one of your healthy cells. The cell then takes in the virus. As the virus moves toward the center of the cell, or the nucleus, it is copying genetic information to and from the cell. Once the viral particle reaches the nucleus, it begins to create new particles. These new particle rise to the surface of the cell and collect there. Once the influenza virus structure is strong on the surface of the cell, a viral particle will detach from the influenza virus structure and begin to move on to the rest of the body's healthy cells. The life cycle of the influenza virus structure works quickly and this is why symptoms for the flu usually come on suddenly.

Symptoms of the flu include a high fever, headache, sore throat, dry cough, body aches and fatigue. Once the onset of symptoms are present, you will want to seek medical attention within forty-eight hours in order to be able to get an antiviral medication in order to combat the flu.

The best prevention for the flu is to get your annual flu shot and to also practice common sense. Make sure to cover your mouth with your hands when you cough or sneeze. Also if you use a tissue, make sure to throw it away when you are done with it. Hand sanitizers work well when you cannot get to a sink to wash your hands. During the flu season, it is best to wash your hands whenever you come into contact with a person or surface that might have germs and viruses lurking there.

If you do come down with flu symptoms, you will want to stay away from anyone who has not has their flu shot. Also, you will want to make sure to avoid those who have a higher risk of complications from having the flu, including those over the age of 65, pregnant women, young children and others who have medical conditions that could be complicated by the onset of the flu.