What Is Infertility?

Infertility has been defined as the inability of one individual to contribute to conception. Both male and female can be infertile for several reasons. The reproductive systems of both male and female human beings are quite complicated. There are many factors that contribute to infertility of either a male of female human being.

How Our Reproductive System Works

Every month, women supposedly produce a single or multiple eggs which await fertilization. These female eggs have a specific time frame in which they can be fertilized. Fertilization of female eggs requires sexual contact wherein the male's spermatozoa enter the female reproductive system and actively seek out the female egg or eggs. If they are not fertilized within a few days of their presentation, they are flushed from the female body through the process of menstruation.

Infertility can interfere with the natural process of producing eggs or sperm or the cause of infertility can be blockages of the tubes leading to and from the male and female reproductive systems. Other causes of infertility can be physical inability to produce sperm or eggs.

Not all causes of the inability to conceive can be reversed. There are causes of infertility that the reproductive endocrinologists call unexplainable. These causes stem from the fact that both individuals have normal reproductive systems but really can not conceive or can not sustain conception. This is a frustrating occurrence for both the couple and the doctor.

Infertility Doctors

There are infertility doctors who specialize in treating infertility. These are called reproductive endocrinologists and they are usually gynecologists who have taken up additional studies pertaining to the inability of individuals to conceive offspring. Doctors who specialize in reproductive endocrinology need to pass board exams to be certified to practice in this very specific field.

Infertility has long been lamented by many couples or individuals who wish to produce children. The many varied treatments available for infertility may work for some couples or individuals but not all who wish to be treated for the inability to conceive can be treated naturally. Other individuals need to undergo methods that involve in vitro conception which entails procuring the sperm from the male and manually fertilizing the female egg. The fertilized egg will need to be observed for a period of time before it can be reinstated back into the female body. In some cases, a surrogate must be used if the mother or female body is unable to accept or properly nourish the fertilized egg.